Mitigation is defined as any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards. The purpose of mitigation is two-fold: to protect people and property and to minimize the costs of disaster response and recovery. Mitigation activities include planning and zoning, structural and non-structural retrofitting, and acquisition or relocation of flood prone property.
Mitigation planning is the process of identifying the hazards that affect your community and developing a strategy to mitigate those hazards.
Risk Assessment is an integral component of mitigation planning and emergency management. To plan and implement effective mitigation projects, hazard identification and risk assessment must be completed.
Hazard Mitigation Grant Program
The City of South Amboy participates in this program. Authorized under Section 404 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides grants to state and local governments, Indian tribes or other tribal organizations, and certain private non-profits to implement long-term hazard mitigation measures after Presidential disaster declaration.
Hazard mitigation projects are funded under the HMGP on a 75% federal, 25% non-federal cost share basis to be administered by FEMA. The non-federal share can be met through cash or in-kind services such as donated materials or labor. Even though this funding is the result of a disaster, all counties in the state are eligible to apply for HMGP funds. In order to qualify for funding, the project that may not affect the entire state, must conform to the State Hazard Mitigation Plan, conform to environmental, historical, and economic justice issues, provide a long-term solution for the community, demonstrate cost-effectiveness, comply with program regulations and be consistent with the local government's mitigation strategies as listed in their all-hazard mitigation plan.